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- A woman won't look very pregnant during the first 3 months (trimester) except missed periods, frequent urination and some may feel sleepy. Breasts become a bit tender/sore.
- Ideally, mothers should gain about 12 kg weight during entire 9 months of pregnancy. After delivery, most lose about 8 kg within a month and remaining weight in the next 6 months.
- A man's sperm decides the sex of the baby, not the mother's egg. Pregnancy occurs when a sperm meets an egg and the baby's sex (boy or girl) is decided by then. A man's sperm has 'X' or 'Y' chromosome and a female's egg has 'X' chromosome. A boy is born if 'Y' chromosome sperm combines with female's egg and a girl is born if a 'X' chromosome sperm combines with female's egg.
- Avoid cigarette, junk food, alcohol till delivery as they may result in low birth weight or restrict development.
- Baby's sex, eye & hair color, facial features, height & other inherited parameters are now determined & the baby is approximately 2 mm in length in the first month.
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- A tiny hear begins to beat around end of first month or early this month. Facial, eye muscles, eyelids, fingerprints also begin to develop.
- Baby now grows inside a sac formed by a thin membrane that resembles a plastic wrap.
- Over next few months, this sac gets filled with warm fluid in which the baby floats & acts as a cushion from bumps on mother's abdomen.
- Baby's lungs start getting formed & the brain, spinal cord, basic facial features, arms, legs start to grow.
- By the end of the second month, women experience mood swings & food cravings due to temporarily higher hormone levels in their body.
- Women start putting on marginal weight or increase in waistline & the baby grows to about 1 inch (2.5 cm) by end of this month.
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- Finger & toe nails appear, head is made up to half of its length. Small amount of hair begin to cover baby's body.
- Kidneys start working this month & produce urine which fills the sac in which baby floats.
- By end of this month, male reproductive gland in boys and ovaries in girls are formed. But no visible difference in external sex organs yet.
- Morning sickness occurs in about 60% of all pregnant women & energy levels are slightly lower than usual.
- A doctor may be able to detect baby's heartbeat by end of this month. An ultrasound shows the baby which makes little movements now.
- By end of this month(first trimester), the baby is about 2.5 inches (6 cm) long & weighs about 30 grams.
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- A woman may now start to look pregnant as the baby grows inside the body. Skin colour changes may appear.
- Morning sickness symptoms are less and gradually stop. Women feel much better and energized after first 3 months of pregnancy.
- By end of this month, external sex organs become distinctly male or female so a male baby may be now distinguished from a female baby.
- Growth of baby's head slows down compared to the rest of the body. Hair begins to grow on baby's body.
- Women begin to put on weight & may gain upto 10 kg weight till end of delivery. Breasts increase in size & also show darkening of circles around nipples due to a temporary increase in hormones.
- Your baby grows to about 5 inches (12 cm) and weighs about 80 grams.
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- Halfway milestone through the pregnancy is reached in this month & your baby's brain now grows rapidly.
- Most women can sometimes feel baby's movement as the baby moves inside the sac filled with amniotic fluid.
- Baby's kidneys start producing urine (which forms most of the fluid in the sac) & is not harmful to the baby.
- Baby has a more human appearance now & may suck his thumb if it floats up to his mouth.
- Avoid resting on back as skin over your stomach is stretching which may lead to itching. You may apply a good moisturiser with Vitamin E to avoid itching.
- Your baby grows to about 7 inches (18 cm) and weighs about 250 grams.
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- From now on, the baby gains weight relatively more as compared to growing in length.
- Different organs within the baby mature & bones begin to harden.
- Your baby's heartbeat is now strong enough for you to clearly hear with a stethoscope.
- A baby's heart beats at the rate of about 120 to 150 times a minute and one may feel the baby move.
- Some women may experience slight low blood pressure but that usually returns to normal in a few weeks.
- Even at this stage, the baby is about 10 inches (25 cm) long & weighs just about half Kg (500 grams).
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- This month onwards, baby grows about 25 to 30 grams every day. Women gain maximum weight from the seventh month onwards till delivery.
- A balanced, nutritious diet is an important aspect of a healthy pregnancy, especially at this stage.
- Baby's eyes begin to open a bit, eyelashes grow & he may react to strong light now.
- Women may urinate more than usual because of pressure on urinary tract. Gradually appearance of stretch marks, swollen ankles, protruding navel and little shortness of breadth is common and normal.
- Baby's bone marrow is now in full control to produce blood.
- Your baby grows to about 14 inches (35 cm) long and weighs about 1.1 Kg.
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- Baby's hearing is developed, may be startled by loud sound and is now able to hear your voice.
- Your baby gets immunity to many diseases as antibodies from mother's blood pass into baby's blood.
- A woman's navel may pop out due to her expanding abdomen.
- Slight swelling may occur in hands and feet in some women.
- Baby has a good chance of survival if born during this month although he might be given oxygen or kept in an incubator for sometime.
- Your baby grows to about 17 inches (43 cm) long and weighs about 1.8 Kg.
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- Baby grows to its full size by now and growth slows down now.
- Your baby's fingernails are quite long but toe nails are not yet fully developed.
- When a pregnancy exceeds 42 weeks (294 days), the risk of complications for both the woman & the fetus(baby) increases significantly.
- By end of the month, baby tries to settle into a 'head down' position for delivery.
- The exact normal delivery date is not known as your due date is only an estimate with a two weeks variance.
- Your baby is now about 20 inches (50 cm) long and weighs about 2.75 Kg.
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- After 38 weeks, baby is considered full term and now has a full length of about 21 inches (53 cms).
- The World Health Organization defines normal duration for delivery as between 37 and 42 weeks.
- Childbirth usually occurs about 38 weeks after conception & the baby may weigh anywhere from 2.75 kg to 3.5 kg.
- Baby's first cry fills his lungs with air and he begins to breathe normally.
- Your baby receives natural immunization with breast milk for another 6 months after its birth.
- The true color of baby's eyes usually appears about 2 weeks after birth and sometimes may take even longer.
- Boy or Girl. No matter what the sex is... Have fun, wishing you the very best and CONGRATULATIONS!