What is Ph.D?
What is Ph.D/Doctorate degree?
- Full form of 'Ph.D is Doctor of Philosophy. 'Philosophy' word does not relate to the subject but is a broader term.
- In many countries, Ph.D. is the highest academic degree awarded by its universities.
- One needs to come up with original idea in his/her field of study and carry out extensive research under the supervision of a subject matter expert/guide.
What are the benefits of doing Ph.D?
- People pursue Ph.D because they like to do research on topics that have rarely been researched.
- You have a sincere liking for your subject & want to advance your knowledge in that field.
- You would be able to hold a higher position in the national/international academic sphere.
- Also, after completing Ph.D., one can prefix 'Dr.' before his/her name.
What is the eligibility criteria for Ph.D?
- There is no age limit to do PhD. Any person of any age can go for a Ph.D/Doctorate degree.
- For Full Time Ph.D: Master's Degree in a 'related' field of your topic with minimum 50% marks. Eg: Do not choose 'Journalism topic' if you are a Botany graduate.
- For Part Time Ph.D: An employed candidate with a minimum 4 years of work experience can apply.
- Some universities require NET (National Eligibility Test) scores conducted by UGC (University Grants Commission).
- Some institutes consider GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) scores.
What is the preparation needed for Ph.D?
- Analyse if this is the right time for you to start extensive research work as it requires a lot of commitment.
- Make sure you have the required financial support to do the work.
- Topic must be specific. Eg: Instead of 'A Study on Newspapers', choose 'How Editorials Influence Common Man.'
- Most Indian universities require you to get a guide before you apply. Talk to teachers / Ph.D students before you confirm a guide.
- Make sure your guide is really interested in your topic or else you will have a hard time working on it.
- Publish articles and write-ups on your area of research. This adds additional value to your work.
- Getting a Ph.D is neither easy nor difficult. Have confidence in yourself and you can do it.
What are the steps involved in registering for Ph.D?
- Write a detailed synopsis on your topic and get it finalised with your guide.
- Apply in the Universities/ Institutions you have chosen. Application forms are easily available.
- The department/ institution head will have to confirm your topic.
- A written test/ interview, or both, will be conducted depending on the institution you apply in. Please note that some universities have different method of admitting candidates for Ph.D.
- You will be admitted for Ph.D once you pass the interview.
What is the time duration for completing a Ph.D program?
- Full time Ph.D: 3 to 6 years.
- Part time Ph.D: 4 to 7 years.
- Exemption of 1 year from the minimum duration is permissible for M.Phil., Law, Engg., M.D. & M.S degree holders.
How can one apply for a Ph.D program via Distance Education?
- You have provisions to do Ph.D. via correspondence or distance education.
- Many good institutes provide extensive coaching for Ph.D like Indira Gandhi National Open University(Delhi), Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University(AP) and Karnataka/Madhya Pradesh Open universities.
- Enquire well about the institute before enrolling yourself.
- Do not go by ads like 'Get Ph.D in a 6 months'. PhD program usually takes about 5 years.
MS and Ph.D?
What is the difference between MS and Ph.D?
- For Ph.D, research knowledge, experience and faculty recommendations are considered.
- For MS, academic credentials or GRE score, work experience matter.
- A Master's Degree holder in any subject can do Ph.D.
- In Ph.D, one is expected to come up with an original/new idea, produce a thesis and defend it; while in MS, one can do study in an 'existing' area and modify it.
- After doing MS, one cannot prefix 'Dr' to their name as that is allowed after successful completion of Ph.D.
Can one get funding for Ph.D?
- Some Universities take Ph.D students as Research Assistants. This way you earn while you learn.
- JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) candidates may get funding from University Grants Commission (UGC) in India.